Literature, language, and the atopic policy of non-understanding

Along with Bolivia and Paraguay, Peru is one of the few Latin American countries which have seen promising approaches to an indigenous language policy. The current state, however, is a comparably mediocre one: while Bolivia by law has none less than thirty-six official languages (next to Aymara, Quechua and Guaraní there are thirty-two other indigenous languages and Spanish) and Paraguay is de facto ninety-five per cent bilingual (the languages are Guaraní and Spanish), Peru has by law only three offical languages: apart from Spanish, only the two great indigenous languages Aymara and Quechua, despite the fact that, according to official documents, still forty-seven languages from nineteen different language families (of more than two hundred estimated languages in pre-Columbian times) are still spoken today. This is even more surprising when seen in light of the fact that, already in the year of 1551, Quechua was taught first at the cathedral of Lima to support missionary work and second, in 1579, the Cátedra de la Lengua General de los indios was founded at the Universidad San Marcos de Lima.
Before this background of language policies I would like to work out the importance of the non-understanding of vernacular languages in Peru. I will use the contradictory term of an atopic language policy of non-understanding in order to analyse the potential of violence in the ignoring of linguistic diversity by looking at historical incidents and their cultural representations. Of the two main phenomena of linguistic non-understanding I am most interested in the non-comprehension between two different languages and not or not so much in the non-understanding within a single given language, as analysed for example by Niebuhr in 2014.
The cultural tension between literature and linguistics in dealing with interlinguistic non-understanding will be demonstrated especially by showing the positions towards the indigenous languages of his home country advocated by the Novel Prize winner Mario Vargas Llosa.